IT Recruitment terminology cheatsheet for kickass Technical Recruiting

IT Recruitment terminology cheatsheet for kickass Technical Recruiting

Java, Waterfall, Bug & Cloud. What do the words mean to you?

If you are thinking of cloudy skies near a waterfall with a coffee mug & a beetle- then this article is for you. The world of Technical recruiting is tempting, but intimidating to most recruiters. With an increased demand for talent in tech, it has become a challenge for recruiters without a technical background to hire ideal tech talents through conventional recruitment strategies. In fact, 75% of recruiters have reported facing major difficulties while hiring the ideal talent.

With fierce competition for tech talents, it’s important for tech recruiters to stay at the top of their game. Your technical recruiting strategy is top-notch only when, your technical recruiters stay in sync with the IT recruitment landscape. This means actually understanding the technical skills, hiring terminologies & job landscape for every critical position.

But Don’t you worry, budding Tech Recruiters! We are creating an extensive guide for all Tech Recruiting Enthusiasts- from a IT recruitment glossary to decoding the technical recruiting process & finally candidate sourcing avenues for IT recruiters.

For Part 1: Here is a glossary of top IT recruitment Terminology for tech talent recruitment by each tech role. Steal this list for your tech recruiting teams to understand what a particular job profile involves & what skills you can judge them for.

IT Recruitment Terminology for tech roles

Software Developer

Backend developers 

Back-end developers develop and maintain the mechanisms that process data and carry out actions on websites. A backend developer’s responsibilities include website architecture, scripting, and writing code that enables the website’s database to communicate with the user’s browser to ensure data consistency and integrity.

Roles, Languages, and Frameworks Required

JavaScript developer

A JavaScript developer is a Frontend developer who deals with elements of websites/apps that are visible to the end user. They can help improve UX, create interactive & responsive websites.

  • Node.js

Python developer

A python developer develops back-end or server-side components to improve responsiveness and overall performance by integrating user-facing elements into back-end applications.

  • Django
  • Flask

Java developer

A Java Developer designs, develops and manages Java-based applications ranging from websites, gaming apps, mobile applications & even IoT modules.

  • JEE
  • Spring
  • Hibernate

PHP developer

The responsibility of a PHP developer is to write server-side logic for web applications. Typically, PHP developers create back-end components, connect the application to other web services, and help the front-end developers by incorporating the work into an application.

  • Laravel
  • Symphony

C# developer

Using the.NET framework, C# developers create applications and programmes for Windows operating systems. They are primarily responsible for writing code, developing and designing user interfaces, debugging and maintaining client code, and designing user interfaces.

  • .NET Framework
  • .NET Core

Ruby developer

A Ruby developer is a software developer focused on the backend operations, where they are responsible for creating the databases, libraries, and logic that contributes to an application. In this profession, they use Ruby on Rails, and as well as other programming languages and frameworks, to ensure the applications developed are scalable.

  • Ruby on Rails

Perl developer

Perl Developers are responsible for using the Perl programming language to create applications and write code. They design, develop, test, and debug software applications. In addition to collecting and processing data, converting databases, and offering recommendations and technical support to clients, these professionals also collect and process data, convert databases, and provide data collection and processing services.

Frontend developers

A Front-End Developer is an individual who is responsible for developing new user-facing features, determining the structure and design of web pages, constructing reusable codes, optimizing page loading times, and creating web pages using various markup languages.

Roles, Languages, and Frameworks Required

JavaScript developer

The responsibility of a JavaScript developer is to complete the design of applications and software using the Java programming language. JavaScript developers work with websites, creating front-end applications, analyzing code, and improving overall style and usability.

  • React
  • Angular
  • Vue.js
  • Ember

Mobile App Developers

A mobile app developer is someone who uses programming languages and development skills to create, test, and develop applications for mobile devices. They develop applications for popular operating systems such as iOS and Android, and they frequently consider UI and UX principles.

Native apps

iOS app developer
  • Objective-C
  • Swift
Android app developer
  • Java
  • Kotlin
Cross-platform apps
  • JavaScript
    • React Native
    • Ionic
    • Titanium
    • Appcelerator
  • C#
    • Xamarin
  • Dart
    • Flutter

Web Developers

An organization’s websites and digital products are supported and maintained by the web developer, who is also in charge of planning and creating software solutions and web applications.

Website builders

  • Wix
  • Square


  • WordPress
  • Joomla
  • Drupal

Fullstack Developers (Backend + Frontend)

Full stack developers are none but skilled computer programmers who have expertise in both front and back end coding. Designing user interactions on websites, developing servers and databases for website functionality, and programming for mobile platforms are their primary responsibilities.

Desktop App Developer

In this era of advanced technology, the role of an application software developer is crucially important. In app development projects, developers of software applications have the same responsibilities. A skilled desktop app developer can transform a concept into an incredibly simple app that could revolutionize the way we live.

  • Application developer
  • Java developer
  • JSE


The responsibility as a technical designer is to take imaginative designs and transform them into useful products. Their primary responsibilities include reviewing design work, developing a plan with the manufacturer, and ensuring that the finished product meets your company’s quality standards.

Roles, Languages, and Frameworks Required

UX designer

UX designers evaluate and optimize (typically web-based) applications to improve usability and create the best user experience possible by exploring a variety of solutions to end-user issues.

UI designer

User interface designers frequently collaborate with user experience designers and other design specialists. Their responsibility is to ensure that each page and action a user encounters while interacting with the final product adheres to the UX designers’ vision.

Creative director

A creative director is a professional who maintains the consistent look and feel of a project, oversees the entire creative process, and directs the subordinate team. Typically, the creative team is composed of art directors, copywriters, content strategists, graphic artists, and various designers.

User researcher

User researchers plan, design, and conduct research activities with users that aid teams in gaining a thorough understanding of the individuals who use government services. This research informs policy, proposition, service, content, and interaction design so that services are user-friendly and achieve policy goals.

Visual designer

A visual designer makes designs for many different platforms, such as Internet and intranet sites, games, movies, kiosks, and even things you can wear. On the basis of creative briefs and client meetings, they generate the concepts, artwork, and layouts for digital projects.

Web designer

Web designers are the ones who plan, design, and code websites and web pages – the majority of which counts in text, sounds, images, graphics, and video clips. They are in charge of the design and layout of a website or web pages. It may involve the creation of a brand-new website or the revision of an existing one.

Infrastructure & Networking Specialists

The Infrastructure Specialist designs, implements, configures, tests, monitors, provides maintenance and troubleshoots Local and Wide Area Networks. Administers and oversees the management of Cisco routers, switches, ASA appliances, and F5 load balancers.

DevOps engineer

A DevOps Engineer collaborates with developers and IT staff to oversee code releases, combining engineering and coding knowledge. From developing and implementing systems software to analyzing data to enhance existing systems, a DevOps Engineer boosts workplace productivity.


A software developer with a background in and understanding of IT operations is an SRE. This role focuses heavily on writing and developing code to automate processes, such as analyzing logs, testing production environments, and responding to issues, so the engineer must be an expert coder.

Cloud Specialists

A cloud specialist aids organizations in migrating their information and services to the cloud by evaluating company requirements to select the most suitable cloud technology and identifying opportunities to deploy, maximize, and protect mission-critical applications and data storage.

Cloud systems engineer

The responsibilities of a Cloud Engineer include the deployment and debugging of systems, as well as the execution of new cloud initiatives. In the end, they collaborate with various IT professionals and teams to ensure that our cloud computing systems meet our organization’s and customers’ requirements.

Software architect

A Software Architect is someone who handles UI designs and is responsible for high-level concepts for software applications. These architects generally work in collaboration with other tech architects to ensure that all the original design requirements are met in the final product.

Systems architect

System architects are responsible for creating, configuring, operating, and maintaining computer and networking systems. They analyze desired processes and outcomes objectively and recommend the optimal combination of IT systems and components to achieve specific organizational, departmental, team, or functional objectives.

Security architect

System vulnerabilities are evaluated by security architects for their organizations. They perform penetration tests, risk assessments, and ethical hacking on local area networks, wide area networks, and virtual private networks. They also evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of routers, firewalls, and similar systems.

Cyber Security Specialists

Cyber Security Specialists are responsible for recognizing vulnerabilities and risks in networks, software systems, and data centers by running continuous vulnerability scans, monitoring network data, and making sure that hardware and software applications are up-to-date.

Cybersecurity engineer

To develop and implement cutting-edge defenses against hacking, malware and ransomware, insider threats, and all forms of cybercrime, cybersecurity engineers, also known as information security engineers, first identify threats and vulnerabilities in systems and software.

Security software developer

Using a variety of software security testing techniques and methods, software security engineers are in charge of planning, developing, implementing, and maintaining the overall company’s software security strategy.

Security analyst

A security analyst safeguards computer networks against cyber attacks, develops cybersecurity policies and procedures for the entire organization and documents security breaches. Security testing is a significant part of a security analyst’s responsibilities.


The right tech team can make or break a company’s success today – and, hiring for the right technical roles is no cakewalk. For a IT recruiter to hire the right talent, it’s important to be able to understand and assess job seekers’ experience, technical skills and ensure they’re the right fit for the company.

Now that you are aware of the complete IT landscape, technical acronyms and jargon will no longer be a barrier in your IT Recruitment process. Use this list of IT Recruitment Terminologies to actively understand and pick the right candidates in the first stage itself and ask them relevant questions during the screening & interview too.

However, getting accustomed to the technical acronyms isn’t enough if you don’t have a process in place yet. Without keeping a hiring system in place, scouring through the candidates and choosing the right one isn’t possible. In our next blog, we will talk regarding how you can have a hiring process in place for better technical recruitment and where to find the ideal tech talents.

Keep watching this space!

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